Outcome Base Education



Program Educational Objective (PEO)

(Career and professional accomplishment that the program is preparing graduates to achieve [Felder & Brent, 2005])

Our graduates are expected to achieve one or more of the following PEOs within five years of graduation from our program:

(1)  Excel in engineering practices in various industries.

(2)  Establish themselves as leaders in their professional careers.

(3)  Earn an advanced degree or professional certification.


Program Outcome (PO)

(Statement of knowledge, skills and behaviours that students are expected to acquire by the time they graduate [Felder & Brent, 2005])

PO Category Description
PO1 Engineering knowledge Apply knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering fundamentals to solve complex engineering problems particularly in mechanical engineering.
PO2 Problem Analysis Identify, formulate and analyze complex engineering problems to an extent of obtaining meaningful conclusions using principles of mathematics, science and engineering.
PO3 Designing Solutions Design solutions for complex engineering problems and design systems, components or processes to within the prescribed specifications relevant to mechanical engineering with appropriate considerations for public health and safety, society and environmental impact.
PO4 Investigation Investigate complex mechanical engineering problems using research-based knowledge and research methods to provide justified conclusions.
PO5 Modern Tool Usage Create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern engineering and computational tools to complex engineering activities with an understanding of the limitations.
PO6 The Engineer and Society Apply appropriate reasoning to assess contemporary societal, health, safety and legal issues to establish responsibilities relevant to professional engineering practice.
PO7 Environment and Sustainability Demonstrate the knowledge of and need for sustainable development in providing professional engineering solutions.
PO8 Ethics Apply ethical principles and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and norms of engineering practice.
PO9 Communication Communicate effectively both orally and in writing on complex engineering activities with the engineering community and society.
PO10 Individual and Team Work Function successfully and efficiently as an individual, and as a member or leader in multi-disciplinary teams.
PO11 Lifelong Learning Recognize the need for, and is capable to undertake life-long learning in the broadest context of knowledge and technological change.
PO12 Project Management and Finance

Apply knowledge and understanding of project management and finance to engineering projects.

Reviewed and approved by the school board on November 13, 2013. 

Knowledge Profile (KP)

(The list of KP is used to extend and clarify the definition of the Program Outcome (PO) that graduates must be able to perform)

KP Category Description Related PO
KP1 Natural Sciences A systematic, theory-based understanding of the natural sciences applicable to the discipline. PO1, PO2
KP2 Mathematics Conceptually-based mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics and formal aspects of computer and information science to support analysis and modelling applicable to the discipline. PO1, PO2
KP3 Engineering Fundamentals A systematic, theory-based formulation of engineering fundamentals required in the engineering discipline. PO1, PO2
KP4 Specialist Knowledge Engineering specialist knowledge that provides theoretical frameworks and bodies of knowledge for the accepted practice areas in the engineering discipline; much is at the forefront of the discipline. PO1, PO2
KP5 Engineering Design Knowledge that supports engineering design in a practice area. PO3
KP6 Engineering Practice Knowledge of engineering practice (technology) in the practice areas in the engineering discipline. PO5
KP7 Societal Roles Comprehension of the role of engineering in society and identified issues in engineering practice in the discipline: ethics and the professional responsibility of an engineer to public safety; the impacts of engineering activity: economic, social, cultural, environmental and sustainability. PO6, PO7, PO8
KP8 Research Literature Engagement with selected knowledge in the research literature of the discipline. PO4

Reference: Graduate Attributes and Professional Competencies (Version 3), International Engineering Alliance (2013)

Complex Engineering Problem (CP)

(The list of CP clarifies the definition of Complex Engineering Problem by establishing seven attributes of problem solving. Based on this list of CP, the attributes of a Complex Engineering Problem is that it must have CP1 and some or all of CP2 to CP7)

CP Attribute Description
CP1 Depth of knowledge required Cannot be resolved without in-depth engineering knowledge at the level of one or more of KP3, KP4, KP5, KP6 or KP8 which allows a fundamentals-based, first principles analytical approach.
CP2 Range of conflicting requirements Involve wide-ranging or conflicting technical, engineering and other issues.
CP3 Depth of analysis required Have no obvious solution and require abstract thinking, originality in analysis to formulate suitable models.
CP4 Familiarity of issues Involve infrequently encountered issues.
CP5 Extent of applicable codes Are outside problems encompassed by standards and codes of practice for professional engineering.
CP6 Extent of stakeholder involvement and conflicting requirements Involve diverse groups of stakeholders with widely varying needs.
CP7 Interdependence Are high level problems including many component parts or sub-problems.

Reference: Graduate Attributes and Professional Competencies (Version 3), International Engineering Alliance (2013)

Complex Engineering Activities (CA)

(There are five attributes of activities student can be involved in when solving Complex Engineering Problem. A Complex Engineering Activity or Project is that which has some or all of the following attributes) 

CA Attribute Description
CA1 Range of resources Involve the use of diverse resources (and for this purpose resources includes people, money, equipment, materials, information and technologies).
CA2 Level of interactions Require resolution of significant problems arising from interactions between wide-ranging or conflicting technical, engineering or other issues.
CA3 Innovation Involve creative use of engineering principles and research-based knowledge in novel ways.
CA4 Consequences to society and the environment Have significant consequences in a range of contexts. Characterized by difficulty of prediction and mitigation.
CA5 Familiarity Can extend beyond previous experiences by applying principles-based approaches.

Reference: Graduate Attributes and Professional Competencies (Version 3), International Engineering Alliance (2013)


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Address: School of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300, Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang.
 Tel : 604-5996301  
  Fax: 604-5996912
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